Relations Between Psychosocial Job Characteristics and Work Ability in Employees with Chronic Headaches

Wat is de relatie tussen psychosociale werkkenmerken en ‘werkvermogen’ in hoofdpijnpatiënten? Hebben zij wellicht ‘meer last’ van de eisen die het werk aan hen stelt dan werknemers zonder chronische ziekte? En hebben ze wellicht ‘meer baat’ bij het aanbod van regelmogelijkheden dan hun gezonde collega’s? Dat vroegen Margot van der Doef (Universiteit Leiden) en Roos Schelvis (TNO) zich af toen zij vorig jaar begonnen met het begeleiden van twee masterscriptiestudenten op dit onderwerp, die aan de slag gingen met NEA-data. Vorige maand resulteerde deze samenwerking in deze wetenschappelijke (open access) publicatie in Journal of Occupational Rehabilitation. Meest opmerkelijke bevinding was dat hoofdpijnpatiënten meer baat hebben bij steun van de leidinggevende dan werknemers zonder chronische ziekte. Zie het abstract hieronder, of download het artikel in zijn geheel. 

Abstract

Purpose The aim of the study was to determine (a) to which extent job demands and job resources predict work ability in employees with chronic headaches, and (b) whether work ability in these employees is more hampered by high demands and more enhanced by resources than in employees without chronic disease.

Methods All employees with chronic headaches (n = 593) and without chronic disease (n = 13,742) were selected from The Netherlands Working Conditions Survey conducted in 2013. This survey assessed amongst others job characteristics and various indicators of work ability, i.e. sick leave, employability, work engagement, and emotional exhaustion. Hierarchical regression analyses were conducted for employees with chronic headaches and compared to employees without chronic disease, controlling for age, gender and educational level.

Results In employees with chronic headaches higher quantitative and emotional demands contributed to higher emotional exhaustion, and higher emotional demands to higher sick leave. Higher cognitive demands were however associated with higher work engagement. Higher autonomy was related to higher employability and lower emotional exhaustion. Higher supervisor and colleague support was associated with higher employability, higher engagement and lower emotional exhaustion. Higher supervisor support was associated with lower sick leave. Supervisor support emerged as a stronger predictor for emotional exhaustion in the employees with chronic headaches than in the employees without chronic disease.

Conclusions Job demands and job resources are important for work ability in employees with chronic headaches. Furthermore, results suggest that these employees benefit more strongly from supervisor support than employees without chronic disease.

Bron

van der Doef, M. P., & Schelvis, R. M. C. (2018). Relations Between Psychosocial Job Characteristics and Work Ability in Employees with Chronic Headaches. Journal of Occupational Rehabilitation, 1-9.

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